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When Are Antibiotics Appropriate and When Should I Avoid Using Them?

People are becoming increasingly aware of the dangers that can result from the overuse of antibiotics. When antibiotics were first antibodies-200-300discovered in the early 20th century, researchers believed that they had found the key to conquering many deadly diseases. Since that time, antibiotics have certainly helped to cure diseases that once wiped out large parts of the population. However, there is growing evidence that antibiotics are now being used too frequently, and that they are often being used in inappropriate circumstances. This has led to many previously curable diseases becoming antibiotic-resistant, which means that a cure now requires the use far stronger antibiotics. In fact, some diseases have now become resistant to nearly all antibiotics. It is obvious that if antibiotic use continues in this way, we may have a major health crisis on our hands.

The first thing to be aware of is that antibiotics are not effective in the treatment of viruses. They only treat bacterial infections, certain fungal infections and parasites. For diseases such as the common cold, flu or bronchitis, antibiotics are completely ineffective and their use in cases such as these will only contribute to the development of antibiotic-resistant bacteria. You should not ask your doctor to prescribe antibiotics if you have a sore throat or the stomach flu, for instance. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), antibiotics were prescribed for an acute respiratory infection in 68% of visits to the doctor. However, 80% of those prescriptions were unnecessary.

Antibiotics are often an appropriate treatment for conditions such as severe sinus infections that last longer than two weeks, ear infections, bladder infections and skin infections. These are frequently due to a bacterial or fungal infection, and treating them with antibiotics is effective.

If you have been prescribed an antibiotic, it is very important that you take it exactly as directed by your physician. If your symptoms happen to clear up before the entire course of antibiotics is completed, you must still continue to take them as prescribed. This is because there may still be a few lingering bacteria in your system, and—if they are not all killed—the strongest ones may survive to produce new generations of ever stronger bacteria that might make current antibiotics less effective.

Some doctors feel pressured by their patients to prescribe something, whether it’s really going to be helpful or not. A study published in the journal Pediatrics found that pediatricians will prescribe antibiotics for children 62% of the time if parents expect them to, and only 7% of the time if the parents do not expect an antibiotic prescription. Do not put pressure on your doctor to prescribe antibiotics for your condition. He or she is the best judge as to whether antibiotics are appropriate.


Dr Dubois, DC, CCSP

Pierre DuboisDr. Dubois, a Swiss physician, and a Triangle Certified Sport Chiropractor has over 20 years of experience in the treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Amongst his patients, two world champions in martial arts (gold medalists in 2005 WMJA), one carrier of the Olympic flame in 2004, and numerous soccer players, swimmers and athletes of all levels who benefited from his chiropractic care.




Health Benefits of Swimming

Swimming isn’t just fun.  It’s also an excellent way to increase your fitness, help control your weight and improve your overall mood.  Plus, swimming is exercise that people of any age and physical ability can enjoy.  It’s easy on the ???????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????????musculoskeletal system while at the same time providing a good aerobic workout.

The governing body for all swimming-related activities in Britain (called the ASA) compiled a report of scientific findings from all over the world on the health benefits of swimming.  Researchers have found that swimming regularly reduces men’s risk of dying early by a staggering 50 percent in comparison with those who run, walk or do no physical activity.  Experts estimate that just two and a half hours per week of swimming can significantly reduce your risk of chronic disease.

A good all-around exercise, swimming involves both aerobic activity and working against resistance.  Unlike most aerobic activities, however, swimming involves little in the way of jarring impact (like the shocks and jolts involved with running) and doesn’t require you to support your full body weight while doing it.  When submerged up to your neck in water, your body weight is effectively reduced by 90 percent.  As a result, overweight and obese people can get a good workout without placing large amounts of painful stress on the lower body’s muscles and joints.  This removes a common deterrent to exercise for a large (and growing) part of the population and suggests that swimming could be an attractive option for people trying to manage their weight.

Arthritis sufferers or those with musculoskeletal injuries can also benefit from swimming, since studies have shown that it improves range of motion without causing a worsening of symptoms such as pain and stiffness.  In fact, according to the UK’s Chief Medical Officer, swimming as a form of exercise (as opposed to running or practicing other impact sports) can reduce your risk of osteoarthritis.

Beyond increasing fitness levels and helping to manage weight, swimming may provide a variety of other health benefits:

  • Studies performed on people suffering from fibromyalgia have found that exercise performed in a warm pool reduced anxiety and depression and caused an improvement in mood.
  • For older adults, swimming has been shown to improve quality of life and reduce the risk of osteoporosis.  Post-menopausal women in particular are at increased risk of bone loss, and swimming provides a safe and effective form of the resistance exercise that is needed to maintain bone density.
  • Pregnant women find that swimming strengthens their shoulder and abdominal muscles, which are put under increased stress during pregnancy.  Obstetricians recommend swimming as a good form of exercise for most pregnant women, as it provides them with temporary relief from the extra weight they are carrying.

It’s hard to exaggerate the potential fitness benefits of swimming.  Swimming helps to build cardiovascular fitness, muscle strength and endurance.  It tones your muscles and helps to maintain healthy heart and lung function.  It also improves flexibility, reduces blood pressure and alleviates stress.  Whether in a community pool, at a nearby lake or in the ocean, swimming offers an ideal way for most people to keep fit that’s also easy on the body’s musculoskeletal system.

Dr Dubois, DC, CCSP

Pierre DuboisDr. Dubois,a Swiss physician, and a Triangle Certified Sport Chiropractor has over 20 years of experience in the treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Amongst his patients, two world champions in martial arts (gold medalists in 2005 WMJA), one carrier of the Olympic flame in 2004, and numerous soccer players, swimmers and athletes of all levels who benefited from his chiropractic care.


Is Chiropractic Safe for Older People?

As a nation, America is getting older.  According to an article in Harvard Magazine, 3,000 people turn 65 every day, and the number of senior citizens is growing at more than twice the rate of the general population.  But just because we’re ????????????????????????????????????getting older, that doesn’t mean that we have to feel older.

Chiropractic care is not only safe for the vast majority of seniors, it is also a completely appropriate medical treatment for the kinds of health problems that an aging population faces.  Many changes may take place as we get older—our muscles, spinal discs, facet joints and ligaments become less hydrated, weaker, and less able to withstand normal stresses.  For many older people, these changes can result in pain as well as reduced strength and range of motion.

In addition to suffering from chronic pain, senior often become more susceptible to injuries as their bones become more brittle and their balance and coordination begin to deteriorate.  At least one in four elderly people per year experiences a fall, which can aggravate existing spinal injuries or create new ones.  So what can chiropractic offer the elderly?

First, it can provide a safe, non-surgical approach to spinal care, free of both invasive procedures and potentially dangerous medications.  Doctors of Chiropractic use proven, gentle techniques of adjustment, manipulation and stretching to realign displaced joints and muscles.  This in turn reduces pain and helps restore flexibility and ease of movement.

One recent study compared two types of chiropractic manipulation in 240 men and women over the age of 55: high-velocity low amplitude manipulations versus low-velocity variable amplitude manipulations.  The researchers found that the chiropractic techniques produced superior results in relieving chronic lower back pain when compared to traditional conservative medical care.  Not only was chiropractic care found to be more effective in relieving lower back pain, the researchers also concluded that the two approaches (the first producing the “cracking” sound often heard during chiropractic manipulations, the second not) were equally useful.  Even better, no adverse effects were recorded.

This study is important because it points out that chiropractic care can be tailored to some extent to the age and preferences of the individual patient.  While some patients prefer the “cracking” approach and others prefer a more gentle technique, they’re both effective when skillfully applied.  This is very good news!  Every individual’s situation is unique, and it’s good to know that chiropractors and their patients (including seniors) have many choices when it comes to treatment.

Also, it’s important to remember that chiropractic care isn’t limited to spinal adjustments.  Modern chiropractic focuses on improving the patient’s overall state of health and well-being in addition to addressing specific problems.  Most chiropractors today can offer advice on diet, exercise and lifestyle choices that is tailored to the specific needs of their patients, whether young or old.

Safe, effective chiropractic care can clearly play a key role in restoring or maintaining spinal function.  It can also help promote general health, mobility, endurance and vitality at any age.  If you have questions about whether chiropractic care is right for you or someone close to you, please call or visit our office.

Dr Dubois, DC, CCSP

Pierre DuboisDr. Dubois,a Swiss physician, and a Triangle Certified Sport Chiropractor has over 20 years of experience in the treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Amongst his patients, two world champions in martial arts (gold medalists in 2005 WMJA), one carrier of the Olympic flame in 2004, and numerous soccer players, swimmers and athletes of all levels who benefited from his chiropractic care.


Power Lines, Electromagnetic Fields and Your Health

There has been considerable controversy over the past few years about whether or not exposure to electromagnetic fields (EMFs) is harmful to our health.  Given the conflicting studies, we are not likely to have a definitive answer any time soon, particularly until studies on the effect of long-term, low-level EMFs have been completed.  However, the current bottom linepowerlines-200-300 on EMFs according to the World Health Organization (WHO) is that they have not been shown to cause an increase in adverse health effects.  The WHO adds, “However, some gaps in knowledge about biological effects exist and need further research.”

Electromagnetic fields have existed since the earth was first formed.  The earth’s own magnetic field, which is what makes a compass needle point north, and the electromagnetic radiation we receive every day from the sun were the only sources of EMFs for billions of years.  But ever since Thomas Edison invented the light bulb, the public has been increasingly exposed to ever rising levels of EMFs, and the expansion in modern technology has led to a bombardment of EMFs everywhere you turn.  Not only do EMFs come from high voltage power lines, but also from cell phone towers, cell phones, WiFi networks, and even the toaster in your kitchen.  There is virtually nowhere on the planet (at least in inhabited areas) that does not have some form of artificially-created EMFs in its atmosphere.

The WHO began a large-scale research project in 1996 in response to the growing concern the public was expressing in regard to the possible health effects of EMFs.  This multidisciplinary endeavor combines research from key national and international scientific institutions and agencies.  The WHO notes, “In the area of biological effects and medical applications of non-ionizing radiation approximately 25,000 articles have been published over the past 30 years.  Despite the feeling of some people that more research needs to be done, scientific knowledge in this area is now more extensive than for most chemicals.”

The studies that were examined regarding the effects of EMFs included in vitro (test tube), in vivo (animal studies) and epidemiological studies.  In vitro studies did not find any association between low-level EMFs (the type we are commonly exposed to every day) and DNA damage.  The studies that did show a possible association were found to be flawed.  However, the WHO notes that some epidemiological studies suggested a minor association between childhood leukemia and low-level EMFs in the home and many cases of leukemia have been found in children who live in homes that are close to high voltage power lines.  The WHO then goes on to say that there is not necessarily a cause-and-effect relationship demonstrated here, and that the leukemia may be due to other unknown factors.  They state, “In part, this conclusion has been reached because animal and laboratory studies fail to demonstrate any reproducible effects that are consistent with the hypothesis that fields cause or promote cancer.  Large-scale studies are currently underway in several countries and may help resolve these issues.”

If you feel your home may be subject to excessive amounts of EMFs, you may want to invest in or rent a gauss meter, which is a hand-held device that can measure the strength of EMFs that exist around your home.  Test possible EMF sources both when the item is turned on and when it is turned off.

Whereas being exposed to one or two low-frequency EMF-emitting devices on a regular basis may not cause adverse health issues, there is no telling if being exposed to many of them over a period of many years may in fact affect our health in some way.  Much research remains to be done.  If you are particularly concerned, there are some things you can do to keep your exposure to EMFs to a minimum.  Simple examples include keeping mobile phones and other electronic devices at least 6 feet away from you while you sleep and unplugging household appliances when they are not in use (since they emit EMFs if they are plugged in whether or not you’re actually using them).

Dr Dubois, DC, CCSP

Pierre DuboisDr. Dubois,a Swiss physician, and a Triangle Certified Sport Chiropractor has over 20 years of experience in the treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Amongst his patients, two world champions in martial arts (gold medalists in 2005 WMJA), one carrier of the Olympic flame in 2004, and numerous soccer players, swimmers and athletes of all levels who benefited from his chiropractic care.


ADHD in the Classroom: What Every Parent (and Teacher) Should Know:

Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is classified as a psychiatric or neurological behavioral disorder.  It is characterized by a significant inability to concentrate for more than a very short period of time and/or impulsive behavior and hyperactivity.R

The number of school-age children affected by ADHD is difficult to accurately assess, since diagnostic criteria vary.  Furthermore, the normal excitability of creative and energetic children can often be mistaken for a mental health problem by parents or teachers unable to unwilling to cope with it.  However, an estimated 1 in 20 children has ADHD, and it is important to note that approximately 70%-80% of referrals and diagnoses relate to boys.  Whether this is due to a real difference in the occurrence of ADHD or the natural tendency of boys to be louder and more impulsive has yet to be established.

Parents commonly worry about whether their child performs well in school.  The disruptive behavior and lack of attention that characterizes ADHD is clearly going to put an affected child at a disadvantage.  Additionally, if the underlying disorder is not recognized, the child may be blamed and stigmatized for being unable to control his or her behavior by both parents and teachers.  The fact that the diagnosis and treatment of ADHD has been the subject of considerable controversy for several decades has not helped to achieve any kind of clarity regarding the condition.  It is important for both parents and teachers to understand that ADHD is not caused by bad parenting, but is a physical disorder with a biological cause.

So, what are the signs of ADHD that parents and teachers need to look for, and what can be done to manage the condition to minimize its disruptive effect on both the affected pupil and his or her classmates?

The presence of either impulsive behavior or inattention that impedes a child’s ability to learn is a genuine cause for concern.  The type of impulsive behavior and hyperactivity observed in children with ADHD is far more extreme than the usual childhood displays of acting up.  The inability to concentrate is more than just boredom with the task at hand, and an ADHD child suffering from inattention may display many of the following signs:

  • Distraction
  • Inability to finish even simple tasks
  • Carelessness and sloppy mistakes in their work
  • Disorganization
  • Avoidance of anything that involves sustained mental effort, such as homework

Discussing these signs with the child (either at home or at school) can help to determine if they feel unable to help themselves and whether ADHD may be the underlying problem.  Teachers may have an advantage here over parents since they are able to compare the behavior and attention span of an ADHD child to what is typical for their classmates.  In contrast, parents without any other reference points may view their child’s behavior and attention span as normal.  In either case, it is important to avoid blame and labeling so that affected children do not feel guilty for behavior and attention lapses that may not actually be their fault.

If ADHD is suspected, then referral to a medical professional is necessary for an accurate diagnosis and to exclude the possibility of other conditions such as Tourette syndrome and learning disabilities.  Approximately two thirds of children with ADHD are also found to have another disorder.  Doctors, psychiatrists and social workers may wish to include visits to the school and home environment in their assessment to see how the child reacts in a range of situations.

Treatment for ADHD may involve strategies for managing behavior for both the child and his or her parents and teachers.  Changes may be made to their learning style and program, and depending on the severity of the condition, medication may be prescribed.  ADHD children have different learning needs and will thrive best if these are met.  These needs may include a structured and regular learning program and an absence of potential distractions.  Pupils with ADHD may need to be seated away from their classmates, with a clear indication that this is being done for their own benefit rather than as a punishment.  Similarly, an ADHD child will work best at home in a calm, uncluttered environment.

As with any learning disability, ADHD is best managed through support of the child rather than using punitive measures to attempt to correct behavior.  Consistency and good communication between parents, teachers and health professionals are also essential for successful treatment.

Dr Dubois, DC, CCSP

Pierre DuboisDr. Dubois,a Swiss physician, and a Triangle Certified Sport Chiropractor has over 20 years of experience in the treatment and prevention of disorders of the musculoskeletal system. Amongst his patients, two world champions in martial arts (gold medalists in 2005 WMJA), one carrier of the Olympic flame in 2004, and numerous soccer players, swimmers and athletes of all levels who benefited from his chiropractic care.



Joyeuses Fetes… 节日快乐… Happy Holidays…




Give the gift of time, love and respect this holiday season…

Today I would like to share with you a reminder from Hayley Hobson of what the holidays are really about. All of us have to remember that our time in this world has a beginning and an end, and that our most valuable possession is our time. I believe that when we realize our mortality, we suddenly look at our daily life with a different Pierre Duboisperspective, and we start to cherish the air we breathe, the water we drink, a pretty view, the smile of our love ones and even the little annoyances of our daily life. Hayley’s message is clear: Life will end, and the only lasting gift is coming from deep inside, not from your wallet.

Thank you Hayley for your words of Wisdom:

We’re right smack in the middle of it.  The holiday season is here.  The day after Thanksgiving arrives and the madness begins.  You’ve probably  been mulling over what you should buy for your friends and family.  There are so many great gifts out there from cool kitchen tools to sexy yoga apparel to inspiring how-to books.  You may be thinking about surprising your mom with the new iPhone 5 or your sister-in-law, whose on a health kick now, with a Vitamix.  It sure isn’t difficult to spend a small fortune on the latest and greatest gadgets and products.

But before you head the door for your next shopping spree or log back onto your favorite online store, take a moment to remember what the holidays are really about.

This is the season for giving and giving does not have to mean you have to empty your bank account.  The greatest gifts you can give to anyone you love are your time, your love, your respect and your heart.

If you’re wondering what to get that person who has it all or you’re coveting a new gift for yourself, I encourage you to share one of these feel good gifts.

Your Time is indeed precious to you and therefore, a truly valuable gift.  I’m sure my father does not remember the golf clubs I got him for his 60th birthday but I’m sure he does remember the fact that I flew my entire family across the country for his retirement party 3 years ago.  There are some things money just cannot buy, and in the long run our memories are far more valuable than any material goods we receive.

When you do you share your time with people you care about, they will always keep and treasure the memories you made with them. Whether it is taking the time to read a book to your child before bed or taking an hour out of your busy day to catch up with your BFF, there is no such thing as needing a receipt to return time!

Remember that it’s OK to give yourself the gift of time as well.  Instead of treating yourself to a new pair of shoes, how about “giving” yourself some “me” time? Being selfish is okay once and awhile! You can definitely feel OK about saying no to yet another holiday party if you need an evening to rest and recuperate from a busy week.

Giving your heart is one of the best gifts you can give. If you have a friend whose been going through a hard time, be there to listen and provide sympathy. This gift will surely be more appreciated than a gift certificate for a facial.

Someone that may not have made it onto your shopping list this year is an ex-friend – someone with whom you were once close, but for some reason cut ties. Give forgiveness this season. Recognize that we all make mistakes.

Your daughter may be dying for the Disney princesses, but the most valuable gift you can give her is being a role model. Your children will become you so be someone they can look up to and be proud to call their parent.

A gift that many of us desperately need but may not even know we need it is respect. Respect your body by nourishing it with healthful foods. Respect your soul by taking time each day to breathe and reflect. Respect the planet, too, by being more mindful about recycling. Reuse what you can from last year before buying something new.

So whether you’re giving a friend or family member that special gift you’ve picked out or whether you’re giving your valuable time and care, remember this season is about love above all else. Give from your heart and with your best intentions and you can’t go wrong.

by Hayley on December 21, 2012

hayley-hobson-160Hayley Hobson is a yogi, Pilates and nutrition expert based in Boulder, CO. Hayley creates lifestyle transformations by coaching her clients to strengthen, nourish and evolve through the cycles and shifts in life. Combining cutting edge understanding in all three disciplines due to years of anatomical study and dietary theory, Hayley’s approach leverages their blended benefits and results. Her unique and intelligent style promotes strengthening while softening–empowering her client’s to heal not only their physical bodies, but their hearts and minds as well. To learn more about classes, workshops and custom programs go to or follow her on Facebook or Twitter.


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